The Mara Salvatrucha, also known as the MS-13, is one of the greatest and most lethal gang in the USA according to FBI. The MS-13 consists largely of Salvadoran nationals but also allow membership from Guatemalans, Mexicans and other immigrants from Central and South America. The gang is famous for its use of violence ranging from homicides to assaults, use of lethal and simple weapons to intimidate rival gangs, the public and also law enforcement. The gang is regarded as one of the most notorious gang in USA with membership in 47 states in the USA. MS-13 complete disregard for the law and their violent activities has made them the most feared gang. Their criminal activities range from drug smuggling, smuggling people, running guns, hits for hire, theft, drug sales, to even arson. Members often have military training and are often adept with machetes. One of their trademarks is leaving dismembered corpses, complete with head decapitated at the scene of their homicide.
MS-13 uses different strategies to recruit new members. A new member has to be “jumped in” to join the gang. According to Seelke (2014), an inductee has to be beaten severely for 13 seconds by all gang members without defending himself. If the candidate survives the beating, he or she is accepted into the gang. The inductee has to be beaten for 13 seconds continuously. Additionally, a new member has to kill a rival gang member so that he or she can be accepted fully as a member of MS-13. The homicide is regarded as a “mission”, and it is meant to show the inductee’s commitment to the gang. Women may join the gang through two initiation strategies. The first initiation is being “jumped in” while the second one is “sexed-in.” Initiation through “sexed-in” involves the female candidate being raped viciously until each member of the gang is sexually satisfied. The gang considers women as second class citizen in the gang membership (Albert, 2014). However, the United Nation High Commissioner for Refugee (UNHCR) holds that MS-13 uses force to recruit and maintain its membership. Young people from areas controlled by MS-13 join the gang for protection, particularly among the poor neighborhood. Due to the absence of security and adequate government protection, MS-13 exercise control in man neighborhoods, particularly in the rural regions of the country. Another aspect of MS-13 membership is body tattooing. Tattoos are regarded as gang member bibliography” with each tattoo representing an act that MS-13 member has committed for the benefit of the entire gang. However, to avoid detection from the authority, some members are currently avoiding tattooing.
According to Insight Crime (2011), once an individual becomes members of the MS-13, he or she cannot abandon the gang. A gang member “never” ceases to belong, but may, in sparing circumstances become inactive. For one to become an inactive member, he or she must have performed “missions” for the gang, including assignations. Some of the reasons for one to become an inactive member include the creation of a family, getting a job and conversion to Christianity. Although they may renounce criminal activities, these members identify themselves with the gang. However, other sources indicate that desertion from the MS-13 has serious consequences including death. Deserter and members of their family are often the subjects of retaliatory attacks and death threats.
In a nutshell, Mommy War refers to the raging debate whether it is better to be a working mother or a stay-at- home mum. Magazines, TV, and other print media are the proponents of this concept. They have employed symbolism like having pictures of two women facing each other and ready to pounce on one another; one with a briefcase and another a diaper bag to show their different lives and opposition. It has well been argued that these wars are the creation of the media and writers to boost their ratings and viewing. In essence, there is no war as such, because statistics show that the number of working mothers has been on a steady increase beating the notion that there is a group who work consistently and another that stay at home. The modern trend is mothers who balance between work and family.
The statistics above does not stop the media from publishing their conspiracies. Mothers can be said to be naïve as they have fallen prey to the media, as mothers all over the world torture themselves emotionally by participating on the subject or debate. The media is selfish and dishonest. On one part, you get a glaring headline directed to mothers that “If you don’t work you will be poor, and if you work your child is in trouble.” The middle and upper class women are known to be restless and over-anxious and are victims of the media propaganda. The editors and writers from professional paper writing service available online who are only keen with their sells and ratings have identified this weakness and have exploited it fully. An example is a piece by Lisa Belkin in The Times Newspaper that looked at some Princeton graduates who had abandoned their jobs to stay with their kids. The article created a lot of razzmatazz for weeks, which was a resounding market success. However, it can be said that the best choice for a working woman is to resume work after the expiry of their maternity leave. A study by Forbes Magazine on women who went back to work after giving birth, found that those women had less depression and greater energy. On the other hand, Daddy Wars is insignificant and less prominent compared to that of women. In this scenario, it refers to those dads who want to have a work/family balance, and those dedicated entirely to their jobs. The phenomenon is not widespread because traditionally men are the breadwinners of the family. However, with technology, and more women getting into the workforce, and complimenting their husbands, men seem to be gearing towards balancing between family and work. The media has tried to fuel the war, but so far they have had little or no success at all.
Society has contributed lot to these wars. They have created a mindset that those in the workforce should not have babies, by putting up strict working regimes like overtime working hours that do not favor those with kids. Also, the United States of America policies on maternal care are one of the less developed among the developed nations. Needless to say, there seems to be light at the end of the tunnel because in the recent past, books that have written either on Daddy or Mommy Wars, have sold dismally. Men and women have matured mentally and cannot be hoodwinked by these brain games. The new generation knows the importance of women working to feed their families, and men being part of their children’s lives. Mommy Wars can be said to be a hyped psychological creation of the media to suit their selfish business interest at the expense of hapless women.
Undercover railroads have a very major purpose inside the reputation slavery in america. This is using the Undercover Railroad mechanism that these various sorts of secret activists could actually secure and protected the freedom of a large number of slaves. With these underground railroads, several slaves could actually run to the slavery-zero-cost reports of your nation. It is then harmless to assert that without this below the ground train community, the escape from slavery could have been slowed for getting a substantial even though for longer durations. The duty of these kinds of subterranean train channels has mysteriously transformed after some time to be opposite of what instigated its essential role and need from your period of slavery in north america. It is really unhappy that human trafficking is becoming popular in america considering the underground railway networking systems. Although the network ended up being an indication of overall flexibility, it is actually now a sign of the perpetuation of modern-day different types of slavery. Continue reading
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Underground railroads use a major part inside a good reputation for slavery in america. It is actually through the Below the ground Railroad approach that these numerous main activists could actually dependable the liberty of scores of slaves. With these underground railroads, many slaves were able to go to the slavery-spare states of your country. It is then good to assert that devoid of this undercover train network, the getaway from slavery would have been postponed for almost any substantive as well as for longer durations. The purpose of them subterranean train online communities has somehow switched after a while being complete opposite of what instigated its essential need and role for the duration of slavery in the us. Its distressing that man trafficking has grown to be typical in america a result of the subterranean railway companies. Where the group have been an indication of mobility, it happens to be now an indication of the perpetuation of fashionable different types of slavery. Continue reading
Underground railroads make use of a noteworthy factor within past of slavery in the states. It is really via the Below ground Railroad product which your various kinds of crucial activists could actually acquire the freedom of hundreds of slaves. Using these below ground railroads, several slaves could actually run to the slavery-open claims through the united states. It is then suitable to assert that devoid of this below the ground train circle, the avoid from slavery might have been overdue for any important as you are longer. The part of the above below the ground railway marketing networks has by some means modified in the future to turn into complete opposite of what instigated its critical need and role on the time period of slavery in north america. It may be unhappy that man trafficking happens to be popular in the US because of below ground train communities. In contrast to the networking was a sign of liberty, this is now an indication of the perpetuation of stylish forms of slavery. Continue reading
Below the ground railroads possess a sizeable part inside the reputation of slavery in america. This is using the Below the ground Railroad platform the various sorts of secret activists had the ability to protect the liberty of numerous slaves. Utilizing these below ground railroads, many hundreds slaves could actually go to the slavery-free of cost says within the united states. It is then healthy to assert that without this subterranean train system, the get away from from slavery would have been late for any essential despite the fact that more. The function of these subterranean railway companies has somehow changed after a while to start to be opposite of what instigated its essential role and need throughout the duration of slavery in the country. It really is distressing that man trafficking is now popular in america on account of the undercover railway online communities. Although the circle was an indication of freedom, it may be now a sign of the perpetuation of present-day sorts of slavery. Continue reading
Subterranean railroads obtain a relevant part with the story of slavery in america. Its via the Underground Railroad solution the distinct major activists had the ability to safeguarded the liberty of many slaves. Using these undercover railroads, a large number of slaves had the ability to run to the slavery-free state governments for this nation. This will make it free from harm to assert that devoid of this below the ground train network, the break free of from slavery would have been postponed to get a remarkable and more. The role of them below the ground railway websites has mysteriously influenced as time passes becoming complete opposite of what instigated its serious need and role inside of the duration of slavery in the United States. Its unpleasant that human being trafficking has fast become widespread in the US with the underground railway online communities. Unlike the network were definitely an indication of opportunity, it really is now an indication of the perpetuation of cutting-edge kinds of slavery. Continue reading
Undercover railroads obtain a vital function on the reputation for slavery across the nation. This is using the Below the ground Railroad body that different vital activists were able to get the freedom of a lot of slaves. With such undercover railroads, countless slaves could actually run to the slavery-100 percent free areas in the united states. This will make it safer to assert that without this underground railway circle, the break free of from slavery might have been postponed to obtain a important when for a longer time. The position of such undercover train networking sites has by some means improved over time to turn into opposite of what instigated its vital role and need inside the time of slavery in north america. It happens to be unhappy that our trafficking is becoming common in america a result of the below ground railway communities. Although the networking was basically a sign of liberation, it happens to be now a sign of the perpetuation of contemporary different types of slavery. Continue reading
Undercover railroads make use of a remarkable position in the background of slavery across the nation. It actually is through the Below the ground Railroad system of the fact that various primary activists were able to secured the freedom of several slaves. Making use of these below ground railroads, numerous slaves could actually go to the slavery-freely available areas from the land. This will make it safe and sound to assert that without this underground railway network system, the break free from slavery could have been overdue for only a major despite the fact that for a longer period. The purpose of such subterranean railway sites has somewhat switched gradually to start to be opposite of what instigated its imperative role and need to the duration of slavery in the country. It is usually ill-fated that human being trafficking has grown to become prevalent in the usa due to the undercover train networks. Although the system have been a sign of choice, it is usually now an indication of the perpetuation of current sorts of slavery. Continue reading